Inventory for houses or units is a pivotal tool for understanding the dynamics of the property market, offering invaluable insights for both buyers and real estate professionals. Lower inventory levels, as indicated by a lower number (typically 3 or lower), typically signify strong seller's markets, characterised by high demand and limited property availability.

In this context, inventory is meticulously calculated by comparing the total average number of listings in a given month (a) with the monthly average sales volumes (b). The ratio (a)/(b) provides the months of inventory, a critical indicator of market conditions.

Inventory levels of 1, 2, or 3 generally indicates a strong seller’s market, where competition is high and choices are limited for buyers. Scores of 4, 5, and 6 suggest more balanced markets, offering a fair playing field for both buyers and sellers. Conversely, scores of 7 or higher are indicative of buyer's markets, where buyers have more options and negotiation power.

Moreover, for a comprehensive market analysis, it's essential to consider not just the current inventory levels but also its historical trends. Observing the inventory level changes over the past 3 and 6 months can reveal significant market shifts, enabling buyers and investors to make more informed, strategic decisions. This trend analysis provides a deeper understanding of market trajectories, assisting in predicting future market conditions and identifying optimal buying opportunities.

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